* Pitch into sb./sth. 批評或攻擊某人/某事
Ex: What should be done when a regime remains in power by dictatorial means while pitching its people into penury?
*grapple [grap·ple || 'græpl]（＋with）
n. 抓住, 掌握
v. 抓住, 抓牢; 與...扭打
ex: The revelation of Russia-linked campaign ads also means that social media companies will need to grapple with potential congressional action and further regulation from the Federal Election Commission on online political disclosures.
n. 漂流物; 漂浮; 浮舟
v. 浮動; 散播; 飄浮
*render [ren·der || 'rendə(r)]
v. 使得, 使成為; 付給
ex: In the next few weeks, three White House policies could essentially render hundreds of thousands of foreigners [(who are) currently allowed to live and work in the US into undocumented immigrants]subject to deportation. 三項白宮政策使得數千萬的外國人面臨被驅離的處境。
ex: I think that's imperative now, we desperately need added numbers at the back.
àIt is imperative that = it is important that
leeway/ free space
Ex: Tax promises are a staple of elections（對於稅收的承諾是選舉的重心）, but Italy has less room than most for fiscal profligacy given its strained coffers and a debt ratio that’s second only to Greece in the 19-nation euro area.（但是義大利並沒有太多財政資源可以讓候選人來浪費）
àstaple [sta·ple || steɪpl] : a staple of 一種主要的
n. 主要產品; 日常必需品; 主要商品; 主食#U形釘; 肘釘; 訂書針; 鉤環, 鎖環
v. 把...分級; 把...分類; 用U形釘固定; 用訂書針釘
adj. 主要的; 經常需要的
*prepare the ground: to make it possible or easier for sth. To be achieved
Treasury/ exchequer 財政部
ex; …public sector debt was to be held at a sustainable level, …
be held at a sustainable level 維持在一個合理利用的程度
ex: The golden rule was the first to fall into disrepute. 名譽開始敗壞
n. 乳脂軟糖; 胡說; 謊話
v. 粗製濫造; 捏造; 欺騙，含糊其詞
ex: But if the golden rule could be fudged for a while,….
Gloss over sth. 把sth. 搪塞過去
Imprudence = witless
The base rate基本利率（由中央銀行制定）
n. 飛濺的水, 賣弄, 污點
v. 濺, 使濺起水, 潑; 濺濕
ex: Antonio Conte is coy on who Chelsea are targeting to bring in to increase their attacking options for the final months of the Premier League season.
* is coy on 對某件事情含糊其詞
stir 逐漸產生; uproar 凹洞
ex: Their publication in Le Point has stirred an uproar.
Ex: To substantiate his claims, the official cited the firsthand account of a meeting between Afghan President Ghani and his delegation with the army chief last October.
* To substantiate his claims 為了證實他的觀點/主張
Hell for leather 盡快
In terms of 談及、就…而言
Mollify 使平靜、撫慰 = conciliate 平息、安撫
Ex: However, to mollify protesters Rouhani will have to translate post-nuclear deal successes.
Ex: the governors were ordered to conciliate and protect them.
Ex: Lawmakers sought to salvage a bipartisan immigration deal Tuesday.
Ex: Why Trump’s ‘enemy of the people’ bluster can’t be compared to Stalin’s savage rule?