- Jun 24 Fri 2016 10:56
- May 27 Wed 2015 14:29
- Apr 15 Tue 2014 17:47
- Jan 23 Tue 2018 11:54
- Jan 22 Mon 2018 13:48
- Jan 20 Sat 2018 09:28
run before you can walk: to do things that are difficult without learning the basic skills.
ex: The risk then is that a continuation of political gridlock would stop further economic reforms in Germany.
- Jan 19 Fri 2018 10:02
ex:Mr Trump says he is legally compelled to axe DACA,
which most Republicans regarded as an act of executive overreach,
and wants Congress to pass a law to protect the Dreamers.
- Jan 18 Thu 2018 21:18
- Jan 10 Wed 2018 22:08
- Jan 05 Fri 2018 21:58
- Dec 27 Wed 2017 09:56
- Dec 27 Wed 2017 08:47
- 位置不是事先先畫好的，是按照check-in的時間分配你的上機號碼。所以早點check-in，就可以拿到比較前面的號碼牌。他目前有推銷一個早鳥online check-in，不過要另外付費。
- Dec 27 Wed 2017 08:45
- Dec 09 Sat 2017 01:25
- Nov 12 Sun 2017 10:29
What does it means success for the peacekeeping?
- People stop dying: civilian, soldiers
Ex: Generally the government soldiers die less, the civilian are die most, cause they are attacked by both parties in war
- A little bit of political openness; measured by the PolityIV(no extreme authoritarian regime, from 3 to 10)
- Stable supply for electricity
Appealà sanctionà mediation/peacekeeping
- Sep 27 Wed 2017 05:14
- Jul 27 Thu 2017 05:00
- Jul 21 Fri 2017 06:00
- Jul 10 Mon 2017 08:05
- Jul 05 Wed 2017 02:32
- Jul 05 Wed 2017 01:41
Japanese Gardenàgood place to take photos
Formerly Buffalo & Erie County Historical Society Museum
1 Museum Court, Buffalo, NY
Next to Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society
1 Museum Court, (formerly 25 Nottingham Court), Buffalo, NY 14216
- Jul 05 Wed 2017 01:38
- Jul 05 Wed 2017 01:11
- Jul 05 Wed 2017 00:45
- Jun 16 Fri 2017 06:27
- Jan 31 Tue 2017 23:28
- Oct 15 Sat 2016 03:51
You think they are very helpful, but they are not
*Website is not good. It’s very fancy, but you cannot actually submit anything. I tried to submit my referral document,
*Every customer service agent tells you different stories.
- Oct 15 Sat 2016 03:43
首先，先把自己的身高(尺)、體重(磅)、過敏藥物名稱、之前過敏狀況、之前開刀或大手術的情形、每個月經期日期、家庭病史、緊急聯繫人名字電話和地址等全部都寫成英文準備好，因為你會不停的需要重複這些資訊，即便是幫你做超音波檢查的醫師= = 理論上，幫你做超音波檢查的醫師不會開藥，但是他們還是會要你把這些資訊全部跟他說一次。
- Oct 03 Mon 2016 21:43
In Lakatos’s description, the theory cannot be refuted by one attempt, there is a protective belt for it. It seems to make the theory more stable but leave other questions unanswered. For example, how to define the hard core from the protection belt? Would people in the same research discipline acknowledge the same hard core? Why hard core cannot be challenged?
What is the hard core of democratic theory? People may have different arguments. Some people claim the hard core is representative of the institutions, like Schumpeter. For others, the democracy is about the protection of freedom, like Miller. For the protection belt, the first group may work on the election system to make a number of votes received equal to the number of seats gained, while the other group would try to refine the judicial system to avoid human rights being violated. The election system and judicial system could also serve as a protection belt for each other’s hard core. It seems like Lakatos’s methodology is not very clear on an operational basis. Like the example, he gave in the book, why Prout’s studies could remain a hard core with so many refutations?
Hard core is different from the paradigm, but they are very similar in practices. To Kuhn, a paradigm is a religious belief, but for Lakatos, hard core is the key element of a research program. The problem is how do we use Lakatos’ idea to determine if the science is in progress or degenerate, which sounds simple in Kuhn’s world since we only talk about whether or not to find a replacement. For Lakatos, every hard core could still survive even if it lost its protective belt. If we want to determine whether or not there is progress in this research domain, we need to pinpoint what the hard core is. Defining hard core is much more difficult than defining paradigm. Though paradigm isn’t clearly defined in Kuhn’s literature, it could be understood as a vague idea by the scholars in their own field. Instead, how do we define the shift of hard core if we couldn’t define the hard core? And if all auxiliary hypotheses are rejected, should we abandon this hard core? Or is it a real hard core?
- Oct 03 Mon 2016 21:37
Paradigms and Sand Castles: Theory Building and Research Design in Comparative Politics
Geddes’s piece of work spoke to my heart, I do feel the engine of doing research is out of my curiosity rather than data. But as a freshman in academia, I disagree on how the research process starts. Realistically speaking, without proper data, it’s very difficult to prove my perception of how things work. There is a huge gap between concepts and operational index. For instance, how to indicate a country had transformed from a totalitarian country to a democratic country. There are different types of the index of regime type: freedom house, Polity IV, and etc.. Our current interest is not included in existing database by focusing more on democratic accountability. However, this index exists for a long time, and is established and maintained by prestige research centers. Even if we create our own database, the main obstacle is to convince other why this is much better after sorting out the fund of setting up a database. Therefore, with existing database, the nuanced difference in our theory is not quite obvious.
Though "(multiple regression)is not always a good image to have in mind when trying to explain something complicated" sound plausible in content, it does not provide a better way to build the link between causal factors. I believe people usually have an initial theory in mind, but we tend to add on more and more variables ad hoc to explain the uncovered places. This is the hardest task in comparative studies, cause some time we are not sure about the deviation of cases is insignificant to discard, the criteria just too vague and usually case by case. And it's actually quite useful to use multiple regression to think of the situation before you have a clearer image of how the causal factors work. Truly, this would easily lead into a dark corner when we doubting if all the necessary information had to be gathered to avoid a misreading of the phenomena.